Talking of aquaculture, this is basically the practice of rearing, breeding and the harvesting of the aquatic species, animals and plants, in a controlled aquatic environment as we see in oceans and manmade ponds and tanks. The practice of aquaculture actually serves a number of purposes such as food production, restoration of the endangered species, building of aquariums amongst a host of other environmental benefits. Here is a quick review of some of the types of aquaculture and just how they happen to be important at the end of the day.
One of the types of aquaculture that is known is the practice known as mariculture, the practice of aquaculture that involves the use of marine water. This can be done next to the ocean in which case there is a sectioned off part of the ocean or it can be in ponds separate from the water body but this must be containing sea water anyway. In these kinds of environments, you have such a perfect place for the breeding of the various kinds of sea life, plants and animals alike, such as the prawns and shellfish which can be bred for food and the molluscs and seaweeds as well. The seaweeds and animal life bred in these aquatic environments have a number of uses in the manufacturing world and as such this practice of mariculture contributes immensely to the economy. A good example is the fact that you will find that the seaweed will be the source of collagen that happens to be an ingredient for the manufacture of beauty products as we have in the facial creams and the pearls that are picked from the molluscs will be used for the making of fashion items and jewelry.
Fish farming is one of the most common kinds of aquaculture practices that is widely practiced anyway. Talking of fish farming as a form of aquaculture, this is generally the practice of selective breeding of fish, either in fresh or sea water with the main objective of getting an alternative food source. In fact this is the very reason why it has proved to be so popular, given the fact that it provides an alternative source of cheap protein.
Looking at the other practices that fall under the practice of aquaculture we find that known as integrated multitrophic aquaculture, which as well is popularly known as IMTA. This is the practice of aquaculture that sees the mix of the different trophic levels in the system so as to ensure that there is provided enough in the nutrients that will be sufficient for the species in the environment. It is seen as an efficient system in the sense of the fact that it is an attempt to provide the same ecological system that is found in the natural habitat.